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Proteins are large organic molecules made of carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and in some cases, sulfur

Q: What are the two types of Proteins? Explain each.

A: The two types of proteins are incomplete proteins and complete proteins. Incomplete proteins are found in foods from plants. Such foods do no contain all the essential amino acids. On the other hand, complete proteins are found in food that comes from animals. They contain all nine of the essential amino acids.


An enzyme is a type of protein that speeds up a chemical reaction in a living thing. Without enzymes, many chemical reactions that are necessary for life would either take too long, or not occur at all. For example, enzymes in your saliva speed up the digestion of food by breaking down starches into sugars in your mouth.




Q: Where can a person on a vegetarian diet (not meat), find the proper proteins?

A: In a strict vegetarian, or vegan diet (one that excludes all animal products), the nine amino acids that must be supplied by the diet can be obtained by eating foods that include both grains and legumes (ex. beans or tofu) at any point during the day. Vitamins B12 and D can be obtained through supplements or the addition of a cup of nonfat milk or yogurt to the daily diet. Ovolacto-vegetarians obtain complete proteins by including milk, cheese, and eggs in their diets. Other food that a vegetarian should eat includes nuts, peas, seeds, and peanut butter.





Q: Where can proteins be found? (Foods)

A: Proteins can be found in meat, eggs, nuts, fish, beans, peanut butter, dairy products like milk or yogurt, fruit, and peas.


Q: What are Amino Acids? Explain.

A: Amino acids are acids that keep forming more protein. There are 22 different amino acids, 13 nonessential and 9 essential.

For instance, one protein is taking a daily stroll through the body when it comes across an amino acid. When they meet and touch each other, the protein doubles. In conclusion, it went from one protein to two proteins. Your body can make many of them on its own, but essential amino acids can only be obtained from some foods.



Q: Why are proteins important for the body?

A: Proteins are very important for the body. They are important because they help make bones dense keep the body strong. They are made up of carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, and oxygen. They sometimes have sulfur. Also, they give the body energy and to build body parts such as muscles, fingernails, hair, and some skin cells.


Q: What is a protein?

A: A protein is a combination of many different amino acids. There are 22 different amino acids, 9 essential and 11 nonessential. A protein’s main job is to build, keep up, and replace body tissue and almost all organs are made up of protein.



Q: What is a calorie? How many calories do you need in your diet?

A: A calorie is a unit of energy that measures how much energy food provides to your body. For a carbohydrate, there are four calories per gram, nine calories per gram in fat, and four calories per gram for protein, which equals twenty calories from protein. The amount of calories you need in your diet depends on how much muscle you have, how much total weight we carry around, and how far we move our weight in a day. It depends on how much our muscles can withstand, how heavy we are to determine how much energy you are going to need to get from place to place, and people more active need more calories and energy than people who sit around.


Q: What is the digestive process?

A: The digestive process starts when you smell something really good and your mouth starts to salivate, and other parts of the digestive system start working. During the process, food is changed into substances for energy and survival. The smooth muscle in the digestive organs including the stomach and intestines helps to move the food along the digestive tract. Then your blood picks up the nutrients (carbohydrates, proteins, fats, vitamins, and minerals) from the food and takes them to other parts of your body.


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