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Important People in History

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constitutional_Convention_(United_States)#Delegates_Who_Attended

http://www.constitutioncenter.org/explore/FoundingFathers/index.shtml

Three of those present (George Mason and Edmund Randolph of Virginia and Elbridge Gerry of Massachusetts) refused to sign what they considered a flawed document.

An ailing John Dickinson of Delaware was unable to attend the Conventions final session but had fellow delegate George Read sign his name in absentia, for a total of 39 signers.

Society of the Cincinnati: Washington was elected the first President General. He served from December 1783 until he died in 1799. The second President General was Alexander Hamilton.

Connecticut

Oliver Ellsworth

42

He was born in Windsor, Connecticut, and attended Yale College and the College of New Jersey (which became Princeton University).

He built a prosperous law practice

In 1777, he was chosen to serve in the Continental Congress.

Oliver Ellsworth served as one of Connecticuts first senators, holding that office from 1789 to 1796. In the spring of 1796, he was named chief justice of the Supreme Court.

William Samuel Johnson

60

Johnson graduated from Yale in 1744 and then went on to earn his masters degree at Harvard.

He took up a career in law after leaving Harvard

He moved quickly into politics, serving in Connecticuts colonial assembly and its council.

With Ellsworth, he was appointed to the first Senate by Connecticut.

Roger Sherman

66

he was born in Massachusetts

With no formal education

He served in the Continental Congress and was on the committees that drafted both the Declaration of Independence and the Articles of Confederation; signed both

A solid supporter of the Constitution, Roger Sherman served in the first House of Representatives and later in the Senate.

Delaware

Richard Bassett

42

born in Maryland

Bassett moved to Delaware, where he succeeded both as a lawyer and a planter.

During the Revolution he served in the military as a captain of a state cavalry unit

Entering politics, he served as a delegate to Delawares constitutional convention and enjoyed terms in both houses of his state legislature.

His nationalist leanings led him to attend the Annapolis convention in 1786

He served in the U.S. Senate from 1789 to 1793

He became governor of Delaware in 1799

Gunning Bedford Jr.

40 (on the border)*

An honors graduate of the College of New Jersey (later Princeton)

studied law

He sat in the state legislature, on the state council, and in the Continental Congress.

appointed to the federal district court of Delaware

After his appointment to the court he lived the life of the gentleman farmer

Jacob Broom

34

began as a farmer and a surveyor but soon developed a prosperous career as a shipper, importer, and real estate speculator.

served in local Wilmington government

He sat in the state legislature from 1784 to 1786 and again in 1788

John Dickinson

54

born in Maryland

He was educated by private tutors and then studied law in Philadelphia and London.

served in both the Delaware and the Pennsylvania colonial assemblies during the 1760s

he enlisted in the military

In 1779 he returned to the Continental Congress, where he signed the much-revised version of the Articles of Confederation he had drafted in 1776.

served as president of Delawares Supreme Executive Council in 1781 and president of Pennsylvania the following year

he chaired the Annapolis convention

He was forced to leave the convention before its work was ended and was not present to sign the Constitution

George Read

53

Born in Maryland

took up the practice of law.

Had a seat in the colonial legislature

he eventually signed the Declaration

in 1786 attended the Annapolis convention

rewarded with a seat in the first U.S. Senate

chief justice of Delaware

Georgia

Abraham Baldwin

32

born in Guilford, Connecticut

Baldwin graduated from Yale College in 1772. Soon afterward he became a minister and a tutor there.

In 1779 he served as a chaplain in the Continental army.

took up a career in law

In 1785 he sat in the assembly and served as a delegate to the Confederation Congress.

sat in the House of Representatives for ten years and in the Senate for eight.

William Few

~39~

Born in Maryland

received little education

During the Revolution he served as a lieutenant colonel in the dragoons

served in the Georgia provincial congress and after independence in the state assembly.

Few was one of Georgias first U.S. senators

He served four years in the New York assembly

William Houstoun

Around 32

He served as a delegate to the Confederation Congress from 1783 to 1786

He remained at the convention only briefly, leaving in mid-July

William Leigh Pierce

Around 47

it is assumed he was born in Georgia

He served as an aide-de-camp to General Nathanael Greene and left the military with the rank of brevet major.

After the war Pierce settled in Savannah, organizing an import-export company in 1783.

In 1786 he took a seat in the Georgia House of Representatives and was chosen as a delegate to the Confederation Congress

He left the convention early to attend to a business crisis.

Pierce was an original member and vice president of the Society of the Cincinnati

MARYLAND

Daniel Carroll

~57~

Born in Maryland

studying for six years under the Jesuits in Flanders

In 1781 he was elected to the Continental Congress. Soon after he began a lifelong career in the Maryland Senate.

Carroll won a seat in the first U.S. House of Representatives

the way was cleared for his election to the upper house of the Maryland legislature (1777-81). At the end of his term, he became a member of the Continental Congress (1781-84), where, in 1781, he signed the Articles of Confederation.

He later served in the Maryland senate

Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer

Around 64

During the early 1770s, he served in the royal governors council (the upper house of the Maryland legislature that also served as the colony’s court of appeals and as a board of senior advisers to the governor)

He served as president of the first state senate of Maryland, and he sat in the Continental Congress from 1778 to 1782.

He attended the Mount Vernon conference as well as the Philadelphia convention.

Business experience gained while managing a large plantation had convinced him that an active central government was needed to ensure financial and commercial stability

Luther Martin

39

Born in NJ

He graduated with honors from the College of New Jersey, taught school in Maryland for a few years, and then studied law in Virginia before making his home in Maryland.

named attorney general of Maryland

He eventually walked out of the convention before it adjourned

He was highly successful as a lawyer

refused to sign the Constitution

In 1774 he attended a convention of the Province of Maryland in Annapolis

James McHenry

33

McHenry was born in Ireland and received a classical education in Dublin

McHenry studied medicine with the well-known Philadelphia physician Dr. Benjamin Rush.

During the Revolution McHenry served as a military surgeon.

He had a seat in the Continental Congress from 1783 to 1786

secretary of war

also ran a Baltimore import-export business with his brother.

John Francis Mercer

28

Born in Virginia, Mercer attended the College of William and Mary

When the Revolution began, he joined the Third Virginia Regiment and became General Charles Lees aide-de-camp in 1778.

When Lee was court-martialed, Mercer resigned his commission and took up the study of law. In 1782 Mercer was elected to the Virginia House of Delegates and soon after to the Continental Congress.

ultimately left the convention before it was signed

He served in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1791 to 1794 and served two terms as governor of Maryland in the early nineteenth century.

an American lawyer, planter, and politician from Virginia and Maryland

Massachusetts

Elbridge Gerry

~43~

When Gerry graduated from Harvard College, he joined his father and his brothers in the family export business.

In 1776 Gerry became a member of the Continental Congress

he sat in the Confederation Congress from 1783 to 1785

he ultimately refused to sign the Constitution that it produced

elected to the first Congress

After several failures to win the governorship of his home state, Gerry at last took that office in 1810.

Gerry was one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence and the Articles of Confederation

served in Congress from 1789 to 1793

Nathaniel Gorham

49

Gorham managed to establish a successful mercantile career.

He served in the Massachusetts provincial congress and was a member of the states Board of War

was a member of the Massachusetts legislature from 1771 until 1775, a delegate to the Provincial congress from 1774 till 1775

In 1779 he served in the State constitutional convention.

Rufus King

32

graduating from Harvard in 1777. He took up a career in law

born in Maine

He served in the Massachusetts legislature from 1783 to 1785 and then in the Confederation Congress

He was appointed one of that states first U.S. senators

Caleb Strong

42

Harvard-educated lawyer

serving on the Northampton Committee of Safety and in the Massachusetts assembly

unable to sign the Constitution

one of his states first U.S. senators

governor

Virginia

John Blair

Around 55

He graduated from the College of William and Mary and studied law in London

He served in his colonys assembly, known as the House of Burgesses, from 1766 to 1770

serving on the committee that drafted Virginias Declaration of Rights

associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court

James Madison

36

Planter???

College of New Jersey (Princeton)

Served in the Virginia convention, and framed his state constitution

Madison attended both the Mount Vernon conference and the Annapolis convention

Madison won a seat in the first House of Representatives

George Mason

61

owner of Gunston Hall, one of Virginias largest plantations

taking a seat in 1759 in the House of Burgesses

Mason drafted the Virginia Declaration of Rights in 1776

He agreed to attend the Mount Vernon conference in 1785

refused to sign the Constitution

Mason served at the Virginia Convention in Williamsburg in 1776

James McClurg

Around 41

attended the College of William and Mary

studied medicine

served as a surgeon to his state militia

He left the convention in early August and thus did not sign the Constitution

Edmund Randolph

~34~

College of William and Mary and then went on to study law with his fat

served as one of General Washingtons aides-de-camp during the war.

At twenty-three, Randolph was the youngest member of the state convention that adopted Virginias first constitution in 1776.

election to the Continental Congress in 1779

In 1786 Randolph became governor of Virginia.

declared his unwillingness to sign the Constitution at the convention

leading a delegation to the Annapolis Convention

George Washington

55

In 1753 the royal governor of Virginia appointed him a major in the militia, and by 1754 he had risen to the rank of colonel

By 1755, however, he was back in the military as an aide to General Edward Braddock.

Between 1759 and 1774, he sat in the House of Burgesses

Washington served in the First and Second Continental Congresses, and in 1775 he accepted command of the Continental army

He served as host to one of its predecessors, the Mount Vernon conference

Planter?

George Wythe

60

colonys attorney general

study of the classics and of law

. He served in the Virginia House of Burgesses

signing the Declaration of Independence in 1776

left early, without signing the Constitution

New Hampshire

Nicholas Gilman

32

merchant??

enlisted in the Continental army and rose to the rank of captain

serving in the Continental Congress before becoming a delegate to the Philadelphia convention

House of Representatives from 1789 until 1797

sat in the New Hampshire legislature

John Langdon

46

natural talent for business

serving in the Continental Congress, the New Hampshire State Senate, and as governor of his state

served in the U.S. Senate

New Jersey

David Brearly

42

attended the College of New Jersey (later Princeton)

took up a career as a lawyer

member of the New Jersey convention that drew up the first state constitution

during the war he rose from the rank of captain to colonel in the New Jersey militia.

active member of the controversial Society of the Cincinnati

chief justice of his states supreme court

federal judge

Jonathan Dayton

27

graduated from the College of New Jersey in 1776 and immediately enlisted in the Continental army

rising to the rank of captain by the age of nineteen

took up the practice of law. He sat on the New Jersey assembly for one year

serving in the House of Representatives

William Churchill Houston

Around 41

graduate of the College of New Jersey; professor after

In 1775 Houston became deputy secretary of the Continental Congress but joined the military once independence was declared. He was a captain in the Somerset County militia and saw combat at Princeton

served in his state assembly

studied law and was admitted to the bar in 1781

Houston was a New Jersey delegate at both the Annapolis and the Philadelphia conventions.

illness forced him to go home after only a week.

William Livingston

64

became a lawyer

graduated from Yale in 1741

He served in both the First and the Second Continental Congresses, and when war began he became a brigadier general in the New Jersey militia. In 1776 he was elected the first governor of the state of New Jersey

William Paterson

41

Born in Ireland

attended the College of New Jersey

took up the practice of law

served in the provincial congress, the state constitutional convention, and New Jerseys legislative council

state attorney general

Paterson was a member of the first U.S. Senate and later governor of his state. From 1793 to 1806, he served as an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court.

New York

Alexander Hamilton

32

Born in Nevis, West Indies

Kings College

artillery captain

aide-de-camp of Washington

chosen to serve as the nations first secretary of the treasury

former Continental army officer

He also served in the New York State Legislature

John Lansing Jr.

33

lawyer served as military secretary to General Philip Schuyler during the Revolutionary War (military service)

served six terms in the New York assembly

delegate to the Confederation Congress

left the convention in protest

serving for eleven years on the supreme court of New York and from 1798 to 1801 as its chief justice

Robert Yates

Around 49

Lawyer

served on the Albany Committee of Safety and in the provincial congress. He played a key role in drafting the first constitution for New York State

member of the New York Supreme Court and presided over the court as chief justice

left the Philadelphia convention in protest

North Carolina

William Blount

38

During the war he served in the North Carolina military as a paymaster

sat in the lower house of the state legislature from 1780 to 1784 and in the upper house from 1788 to 1790

In 1796 he chaired the constitutional convention that created the state of Tennessee. That same year Blount was chosen as one of Tennessees first U.S. senators.

William Richardson Davie

~31~

Born in England

Queens Museum College in Charlotte, North Carolina, and later to the College of New Jersey. Davie studied law and began a practice in North Carolina

When the Revolution began, he helped raise a cavalry troop and rose to the rank of colonel

Served in North Carolina legislature

left the convention on August 13

became governor of the state in 1799

Alexander Martin

Around 47

attended the College of New Jersey

began a mercantile career

served in the North Carolina House of Commons and in its provincial congresses

appointed a lieutenant colonel in the Second North Carolina Continental Regiment. He saw military action in South Carolina

elected to the North Carolina Senate in 1778

he became governor

delegate to the Confederation Congress

left before the Constitution was signed

U.S. Senate

Richard Dobbs Spaight Sr

29

given a commission in the military and served as an aide to the state militia commander

He served in the state legislature

serve in the Confederation Congress

became governor

U.S. House of Representatives

Hugh Williamson

51

He was a member of the first class at the College of Philadelphia (later part of the University of Pennsylvania) and went on to become a licensed Presbyterian minister

He received a medical degree from the University of Utrecht and came home to Philadelphia, where he opened a practice

established a mercantile business and began to practice medicine again

During the war he served as surgeon general to the state troops

He was elected to the lower house of the state legislature and then to the Continental Congress

House of Representatives

In 1786 North Carolina chose Williamson to attend the Annapolis Convention

South Carolina

Pierce Butler

~43~

Born in Ireland

He became a major in a regiment that was sent to Boston in 1768

take up the life of a southern planter

He served in the state assembly in 1778 and the following year again donned a uniform as an adjutant general in the South Carolina militia

delegate to the Confederation Congress

served in the U.S. Senate

Charles Pinckney

29

studied law

Pinckney enlisted in the militia. He rose to the rank of lieutenant

serving in the Continental Congress from 1777 to 1778 and later in the Confederation Congress. He also served several terms in his state legislature.

became governor in 1789

in 1790 he chaired the state constitutional convention

U.S. Senate

Charles Cotesworth Pinckney

41

He was schooled in England

Lawyer

elected to the provincial assembly

joined the First South Carolina Regiment as a captain and rose rapidly to the rank of colonel.

appointed a major general in command of U.S. forces in the South

serve in his state legislature

prominent member of the Society of the Cincinnati.

John Rutledge

47

sent to Londons prestigious Middle Temple for his legal training

lawyer

provincial assembly

governorship in 1779

served in the Continental Congress

associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, but he left that bench in 1791 to become chief justice of the South Carolina Supreme Court

chair a committee of the Stamp Act Congress that drew up a petition to the House of Lords.

Pennsylvania

George Clymer

48

partner in his uncles mercantile firm and eventually became its sole proprietor.

served in the Continental Congress

served in the Pennsylvania legislature

served in the House of Representatives

signatory of the Declaration of Independence

Thomas Fitzsimons

Around 46

born in Ireland

successful merchant in Philadelphia

commanded a militia company

Continental Congress

House of Representatives

Benjamin Franklin

81

member of the colonial legislature

colonial agent

served in the Continental Congress and was one of the members of the committee that drafted the Declaration of Independence; signed Declaration of Independence

chosen to preside over the Pennsylvania constitutional convention

president of the Supreme Executive Council of his state

Jared Ingersoll

37

graduating from Yale in 1766

studied law

served in the Continental Congress

attorney general of Pennsylvania and Philadelphia city solicitor and presiding judge of the Philadelphia District Court.

Thomas Mifflin

43

received a diploma from the College of Philadelphia (which became part of the University of Pennsylvania)

highly successful Philadelphia merchant

delegate to the Continental Congress

Pennsylvania legislature

appointed a major in the Continental army

aides-de-camp for General Washington and later held the post of quartermaster general

served in the state assembly and then took a seat in the Continental Congress

chairing Pennsylvanias constitutional convention in 1789 and serving as state governor from 1790 to 1799.

Gouverneur Morris

35

Kings College (later Columbia University

trained as a lawyer

served in New Yorks Revolutionary provincial congress

served in the militia as well

appointed to the committee that drafted New Yorks first constitution

served in the Continental Congress

He also signed the Articles of Confederation in 1778.

Merchant??

Robert Morris

53

born near Liverpool, England

joined a shipping-banking firm and soon became a partner

serving in the provincial assembly, the state legislature, and the Continental Congress

Morris attended the Annapolis convention

He did serve in the first U.S. Senate

signatory to the United States Declaration of Independence, the Articles of Confederation, and the United States Constitution

James Wilson

Born in Scotland

44

Educated

lawyer

served in the first provincial assembly

Continental Congress

signer of the Declaration of Independence

~x~ means that the person turned that age during the convention

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