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Across

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4. Style used to describe cathedrals of 11th and 12th centuries built in Germany, France, and Spain.8. Residency of the popes on the east bank of the Rhone River leading to a decline in papal prestige and an increase in antipapal sentiment.11. An agricultural estate operated by a lord and worked by peasants.12. Division of Europe that damaged the faith of Christian believers and the power and prestige of the church.15. Word used to refer to philosophical and theological system of medieval schools.16. Group of people that resorted to extreme measures to gain Gods forgiveness.18. Concept during the reign of Henry II that began to replace the different law codes that often varied from place to place.21. The Great Charter sealed by King John guaranteeing feudal liberties.25. One of the meanings of “fortress” or “walled enclosure.”28. War during the 14th century between France and England, ending with French victory, and including the use of gunpowder and cannons.29. The two most famous members of the Hohenstaufen dynasty, Frederick I and Frederick II, tried to create a new kind of empire within this country.30. Style of churches which remained one of the greatest artistic triumphs of the High Middle Ages and was a symbol for medieval peoples preoccupation with God. Down1. Idea based on living together in a community.2. Empire which involved the Germans, and had no real power over either Germany or Italy.3. Most devastating natural disaster in European history involving the bubonic plague.5. Peoples that moved east into China and west into the Middle East and central Europe, eventually conquering Russia.6. Saint which freed France of the English in the Loire Valley, but was burned at the stake as a heretic.7. People originally from central Europe, but divided into the west, south, and east.9. Warriors whose love of adventure and search for booty and new avenues of trade led them to invade areas of Europe.10. The Angles and Saxons were from this country.13. King who established the Carolingian Empire and became the emperor of Rome.14. Followers who lived among the people, preaching repentance and aiding the poor.17. Byzantine missionary brothers, Cyril and Methodius, created the Slavonic (Cyrillic)______.19. Word derived from Latin meaning a corporation or guild, referring to either a corporation of teachers or corporation of students.20. Peoples whom carried the title of kings, but had little real power.22. “System” that involved lords supplying land for the vassal, who in turn provided military service for the lord.23. Material best-known in Flanders to make cloth and traded throughout the area.24. Institution of great importance in the development of representative government.26. Number of fields utilized in a new technique that contributed to an increase in food production.27. Union that directed almost every aspect of the production process as well as determined standards and prices.

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