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The Constitutional Convention

The Constitutional Convention – 1787

55 Delegates:

21 who were 40 or younger

  1. Gunning Bedford Jr. (40)
  2. Jacob Broom (34)
  3. Abraham Baldwin (32)
  4. William Few (39)
  5. William Houstoun (32)
  6. Luther Martin (39)
  7. James McHenry (33)
  8. John Francis Mercer (28)
  9. Rufus King (32)
  10. James Madison (36)
  11. Edmund Randolph (34)
  12. Nicholas Gilman (32)
  13. Jonathan Dayton (26)
  14. Alexander Hamilton (32)
  15. John Lansing Jr. (33)
  16. William Blount (38)
  17. William Richardson Davie (31)
  18. Richard Dobbs Spaight Sr. (29)
  19. Charles Pinckney (29)
  20. Jared Ingersoll (37)
  21. Gouverneur Morris (35)

14 who were 50 or older

  1. William Samuel Johnson (60)
  2. Roger Sherman (66)
  3. John Dickinson (54)
  4. George Read (53)
  5. Daniel Carroll (57)
  6. Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer (64)
  7. John Blair (55)
  8. George Mason (61)
  9. George Washington (55)
  10. George Wythe (60)
  11. William Livingston (64)
  12. Hugh Williamson (51)
  13. Benjamin Franklin (81)
  14. Robert Morris (53)

20 who were between 40 and 50

  1. Oliver Ellsworth (42)
  2. Richard Bassett (42)
  3. William Leigh Pierce (47)
  4. Elbridge Gerry (43)
  5. Nathaniel Gorham (49)
  6. Caleb Strong (42)
  7. James McClurg (41)
  8. John Langdon (46)
  9. David Brearly (42)
  10. William Churchill Houston (41)
  11. William Paterson (41)
  12. Robert Yates (49)
  13. Alexander Martin (47)
  14. Pierce Butler (43)
  15. Charles Cotesworth Pinckney (41)
  16. John Rutledge (47)
  17. George Clymer (48)
  18. Thomas Fitzsimons (46)
  19. Thomas Mifflin (43)
  20. James Wilson (44)

47 were colonial natives EXCEPT:

  1. James McHenry (Ireland)
  2. William Paterson (Ireland)
  3. Alexander Hamilton (Nevis)
  4. William Richardson Davie (England)
  5. Pierce Butler (Ireland)
  6. Thomas Fitzsimons (Ireland)
  7. Robert Morris (England)
  8. James Wilson (Scotland)

31 who had attended college

  1. Oliver Ellsworth (Yale and Princeton)
  2. William Samuel Johnson (Yale and Harvard)
  3. Gunning Bedford Jr. (Princeton)
  4. Abraham Baldwin (Yale)
  5. Daniel Carroll (Jesuits in Flanders)
  6. Luther Martin (Princeton)
  7. John Francis Mercer (William & Mary)
  8. Elbridge Gerry (Harvard)
  9. Rufus King (Harvard)
  10. Caleb Strong (Harvard)
  11. John Blair (William & Mary)
  12. James Madison (Princeton)
  13. James McClurg (William & Mary)
  14. Edmund Randolph (William & Mary)
  15. George Wythe (William & Mary, but dropped out)
  16. David Brearly (Princeton)
  17. Jonathan Dayton (Princeton)
  18. William Churchill Houston (Princeton)
  19. William Livingston (Yale)
  20. William Paterson (Princeton)
  21. Alexander Hamilton (Kings College)
  22. William Richardson Davie (Princeton)
  23. Alexander Martin (Princeton)
  24. Richard Dobbs Spaight Sr. (University of Glasgow in Ireland)
  25. Hugh Williamson (University of Pennsylvania)
  26. Charles Cotesworth Pinckney (Westminster and Oxford)
  27. John Rutledge (Middle Temple in London)
  28. Jared Ingersoll (Yale)
  29. Thomas Mifflin (University of Pennsylvania)
  30. Gouverneur Morris (Kings College)
  31. James Wilson (University of St. Andrews, University of Edinburgh, and University of Glasgow)

27 who had seen military service

  1. Richard Bassett (captain)
  2. Abraham Baldwin (chaplain)
  3. William Few (lieutenant colonel)
  4. William Leigh Pierce (aide-de-camp to General Nathanael Greene)
  5. James McHenry (military surgeon)
  6. John Francis Mercer (General Charles Lees aide-de-camp)
  7. James McClurg (surgeon to state militia)
  8. Edmund Randolph (one of General Washingtons aides-de-camp)
  9. George Washington (colonel, aide-de-camp, and commander)
  10. Nicholas Gilman (captain)
  11. David Brearly (colonel)
  12. Jonathan Dayton (captain)
  13. William Churchill Houston (captain)
  14. William Livingston (brigadier general)
  15. Alexander Hamilton (artillery captain, aide-de-camp of Washington)
  16. John Lansing Jr. (military secretary to General Philip Schuyler)
  17. William Blount (paymaster)
  18. William Richardson Davie (colonel)
  19. Alexander Martin (lieutenant colonel)
  20. Richard Dobbs Spaight Sr. (aide-de-camp)
  21. Hugh Williamson (surgeon general)
  22. Pierce Butler (major, adjutant general)
  23. Charles Pinckney (lieutenant)
  24. Charles Cotesworth Pinckney (colonel, major general)
  25. Thomas Fitzsimons (commanded a militia)
  26. Thomas Mifflin (major, aide-de-camp for General Washington, quartermaster general)
  27. Gouverneur Morris (served in militia)

18 who had been Continental Army officers

  1. Richard Bassett (captain)
  2. William Few (lieutenant colonel)
  3. William Leigh Pierce (aide-de-camp to General Nathanael Greene)
  4. John Francis Mercer (General Charles Lees aide-de-camp)
  5. Edmund Randolph (one of General Washingtons aides-de-camp)
  6. George Washington (colonel, aide-de-camp, and commander)
  7. Nicholas Gilman (captain)
  8. David Brearly (colonel)
  9. Jonathan Dayton (captain)
  10. William Churchill Houston (captain)
  11. William Livingston (brigadier general)
  12. Alexander Hamilton (artillery captain, aide-de-camp of Washington)
  13. William Richardson Davie (colonel)
  14. Alexander Martin (lieutenant colonel)
  15. Richard Dobbs Spaight Sr. (aide-de-camp)
  16. Pierce Butler (major, adjutant general)
  17. Charles Cotesworth Pinckney (colonel, major general)
  18. Thomas Mifflin (major, aide-de-camp for General Washington, quartermaster general)

14 were members of the Society of Cincinnati

  1. George Washington
  2. Alexander Hamilton
  3. William Leigh Pierce
  4. David Brearly
  5. Charles Cotesworth Pinckney
  6. Abraham Baldwin
  7. William Blount
  8. Jonathan Dayton
  9. Thomas Mifflin
  10. Edmund Randolph
  11. Benjamin Franklin
  12. John Dickinson
  13. Robert Morris
  14. Charles Pinckney

<http://www.nndb.com/org/082/000049932/>

<http://politicalgraveyard.com/group/soc-cincinnati.html>

1 had been a British Army Officer before the Revolution

  1. George Washington

34 had studied law

1. Oliver Ellsworth

  1. William Samuel Johnson
  2. Richard Bassett
  3. Gunning Bedford Jr.
  4. John Dickinson
  5. George Read
  6. Abraham Baldwin
  7. Luther Martin
  8. John Francis Mercer
  9. Rufus King
  10. Caleb Strong
  11. John Blair
  12. Edmund Randolph
  13. George Wythe
  14. David Brearly
  15. Jonathan Dayton
  16. William Churchill Houston
  17. William Livingston
  18. William Paterson
  19. Alexander Hamilton
  20. James Madison
  21. John Lansing Jr.
  22. Robert Yates
  23. William Richardson Davie
  24. Charles Pinckney
  25. Charles Cotesworth Pinckney
  26. John Rutledge
  27. Jared Ingersoll
  28. Gouverneur Morris
  29. James Wilson
  30. William Few
  31. William Houstoun
  32. John Francis Mercer
  33. Alexander Martin

13 were in business/commerce

  1. Jacob Broom
  2. William Leigh Pierce
  3. Elbridge Gerry
  4. Nathaniel Gorham
  5. Nicholas Gilman
  6. John Langdon
  7. Alexander Hamilton
  8. Alexander Martin
  9. Hugh Williamson
  10. George Clymer
  11. Thomas Fitzsimons
  12. Thomas Mifflin
  13. Robert Morris

10 were planters

  1. Jacob Broom
  2. William Houstoun
  3. Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer
  4. Richard Bassett
  5. William Few
  6. John Francis Mercer
  7. James Madison
  8. George Mason
  9. George Washington
  10. Pierce Butler

3 were physicians

  1. James McHenry
  2. James McClurg
  3. Hugh Williamson

2 had been clergymen

  1. Abraham Baldwin
  2. Hugh Williamson

46 had been members of colonial and/or state legislatures EXCEPT

  1. Luther Martin
  2. James McHenry
  3. James McClurg
  4. Edmund Randolph
  5. David Brearly
  6. William Houstoun
  7. William Livingston
  8. Benjamin Franklin
  9. Jared Ingersoll

3 had attended the Stamp Act Congress

  1. John Dickinson
  2. John Rutledge
  3. William Samuel Johnson

10 had attended state constitutional conventions

  1. Nathaniel Gorham
  2. James Madison
  3. George Mason
  4. Edmund Randolph
  5. David Brearly
  6. William Paterson
  7. William Blount
  8. Charles Pinckney
  9. George Clymer
  10. Benjamin Franklin

42 had been delegates to the 2nd Continental Congress EXCEPT

  1. Richard Bassett
  2. Gunning Bedford Jr.
  3. Jacob Broom
  4. Luther Martin
  5. John Blair
  6. George Mason
  7. James McClurg
  8. David Brearly
  9. William Paterson
  10. Robert Yates
  11. William Richardson Davie
  12. Alexander Martin
  13. Charles Cotesworth Pinckney

<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Continental_Congress_Delegates>

3 had been executive officers of the 2nd continental Congress

  1. George Washington
  2. Alexander Hamilton
  3. Edmund Randolph

8 had signed the Declaration of Independence

  1. George Wythe
  2. George Clymer
  3. Benjamin Franklin
  4. Robert Morris
  5. James Wilson
  6. Roger Sherman
  7. George Read
  8. Elbridge Gerry

6 had signed the Articles of Confederation

  1. Robert Morris
  2. Roger Sherman
  3. John Dickinson
  4. Daniel Carroll
  5. Elbridge Gerry
  6. Gouverneur Morris

7 had attended the Annapolis Convention

  1. Richard Bassett
  2. John Dickinson
  3. George Read
  4. James Madison
  5. Edmund Randolph
  6. William Churchill Houston
  7. Alexander Hamilton

7 had been governors

  1. Edmund Randolph (Virginia)
  2. John Langdon (New Hampshire)
  3. William Livingston (New Jersey)
  4. Alexander Martin (North Carolina)
  5. John Rutledge (South Carolina)
  6. George Read (Delaware)
  7. John Dickinson (Delaware, Pennsylvania)

1 had been a foreign minister

  1. Benjamin Franklin

13 left before the Convention closed

1. George Wythe

  1. John Lansing Jr.
  2. Robert Yates
  3. William Richardson Davie
  4. Alexander Martin
  5. William Leigh Pierce
  6. John Francis Mercer
  7. James McClurg
  8. Oliver Ellsworth
  9. William Houstoun
  10. Luther Martin
  11. Caleb Strong
  12. William Churchill Houston

3 refused to sign

  1. Elbridge Gerry
  2. George Mason
  3. Edmund Randolph

39 did sign

  1. William Samuel Johnson
  2. Roger Sherman
  3. Richard Bassett
  4. Gunning Bedford Jr.
  5. Jacob Broom
  6. John Dickinson (absentees added signature)
  7. George Read
  8. Abraham Baldwin
  9. William Few
  10. Daniel Carroll
  11. Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer
  12. James McHenry
  13. Nathaniel Gorham
  14. Rufus King
  15. John Blair
  16. James Madison
  17. George Washington
  18. Nicholas Gilman
  19. John Langdon
  20. David Brearly
  21. Jonathan Dayton
  22. William Livingston
  23. William Paterson
  24. Alexander Hamilton
  25. William Blount
  26. Richard Dobbs Spaight Sr.
  27. Hugh Williamson
  28. Pierce Butler
  29. Charles Pinckney
  30. Charles Cotesworth Pinckney
  31. John Rutledge
  32. George Clymer
  33. Thomas Fitzsimons
  34. Benjamin Franklin
  35. Jared Ingersoll
  36. Thomas Mifflin
  37. Gouverneur Morris
  38. Robert Morris
  39. James Wilson

Bibliography:

<http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constitutional_Convention_(United_States)#Delegates_Who_Attended>

<http://www.constitutioncenter.org/explore/FoundingFathers/index.shtml>

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